Is The Scandi The Best Grind For Bushcraft Knives?

Is The Scandi The Best Grind For Bushcraft Knives?
A Scandi grind is a particularly aggressive cutter on soft and hard woods. Look closely at these hardy shavings. The finish on the exposed cut end of the stick looks as if it has been sanded and had a finish applied to it. (Abe Elias image)

Editor’s Note: This article is by both Abe Elias (arguing for the Scandi) and James Morgan Ayres (taking the opposite view). It is excerpted from the April 2019 issue of BLADE.

What Is A Scandi Grind?

Examples of Scandi grind knives
Abe Elias made these two Diving Sparrow Sakers—one with a full flat grind (left) and the other in a high Scandi grind (right). (Abe Elias image)

A Scandi grind carries a single bevel that runs to zero degrees. In other words, it is a single grind only.

Unlike many other grinds, the Scandi runs to the edge with no angle change in what is also known as a zero grind. Scandi grinds have a flat section of the blade that starts at the top of the bevel and runs to the spine.

Anything else is simply not a Scandi. People have tried to create a variety of variations with names like modified Scandi or Scandi vex. In actuality, there are no variations of the Scandi because such “variations” usually are other grinds that already exist.

Why The Scandi Is The Best Grind For Bushcraft Knives

Benefits of Scandi grind knife
A Scandi grind is a particularly aggressive cutter on soft and hard woods. Look closely at these hardy shavings. The finish on the exposed cut end of the stick looks as if it has been sanded and had a finish applied
to it. (Abe Elias image)

Perfect wood geometry: The Scandi excels at bushcraft chores because its geometry is perfect for working with wood.

Zero grind: The fact the Scandi is ground to zero allows the edge to be as thin as possible with no change in angle. Changes in angle create extra friction. Hence, the Scandi grind meets with the least resistance possible when it enters the cutting medium.

Inertia is your friend: Another benefit of a Scandi grind is that you can achieve a thin edge and, unlike with a full flat grind, you maintain the blade weight of a saber grind. Having that bit of extra spine weight increases your ability to drive the edge forward.

Parting is such sweet sorrow: As the blade enters the cutting medium, it meets the transition point where the bevel changes to the flat. This benefit is one of the reasons why the knife can dive deep into a cut and take off huge potato-chip-like shavings.

Why The Scandi Is NOT The Best Grind For Bushcraft Knives

Best bushcraft knife grinds
James Morgan Ayres uses a Nikov knife with a convex-ground blade to make a fish spear. (ML and AE Ayres image)

Geometry: The intersecting planes of the Scandi grind create a wedge. A wedge is useful for shallow woodcraft on soft woods, such as making fuzz sticks or carving spoons, and for batoning soft woods. However, the wedge creates too much resistance and drags and hangs up in deep cuts, especially in hard woods.

Not ideal for food prep: That wedge also struggles with any dense or tough material, including root vegetables, which crack rather than split, and, importantly, on meat. Try butchering any large game with a Scandi grind and you’ll quickly learn why butchers and hunting guides do not use Scandi-ground blades.

Goodbye, steel: The Scandi grind is also said to be easier to sharpen because the blade provides a guide. But, if the user follows the instructions of the advocates of Scandi, he must remove a great deal of steel, which requires hundreds of strokes on the stone. With a modicum of skill other grinds are faster and easier to sharpen.

There is a better alternative: The smooth, slim, oval profile of the convex grind offers less resistance to materials, is superior to the Scandi on all points and will do everything better.


If your bushcraft knife needs are limited to working with wood, you’ll find a Scandi grind will help you work fast and effectively.

For tasks beyond that, you’ll likely find a convex grind is the better match.

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  1. Good article, finally some truth about Scandi grind. However, I find this statement “changes in angle create extra friction” to be somewhat flawed. The amount of friction created by a flat ground knife transitioning via a .5 mm bevel to that flat presents barely any friction.. The scandi grind is a chisel that immediately starts wedging the wood fibers apart instead of the blade being jammed tightly between the wood fibers.

    Mainly though I appreciate you pointing out the myth that the scandi grind is the easiest to sharpen. How could it be easier to hold 1/2”of metal perfectly flat versus .5 mm at more or less the right angle and getting a sharp edge. Maintaining a flat bevel on a scandi grind especially at the bellied part of the blade is not easy.

  2. Congratulations on your article, it has a very rational approach. I believe that “bushcraft” knives are a fashion that emerges on the catwalks of You tube. What serious man would want a knife in the woods to scrape a wood?


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